Mapoon community is situated on the traditional lands of the Tjungundji people.
Mapoon Mission was established under the name Batavia River Mission. Within a few years the mission became known as Mapoon, a Tjungundji word meaning ‘place where people fight on the sand-hills’. Mapoon is also known as Marpuna. Some of the traditional owner groups who eventually came to live at Mapoon included the Mpakwithi, Taepithiggi, Thaynhakwith, Warrangku, Wimarangga and Yupungathi people.